Ystrad Mynach and Hengoed War Memorial is now in the northern end of the grounds of Ysbyty Ystrad Fawr (the new Ystrad Hospital) - see map on Home page. The names below are in the order they appear on the memorial which is generally alphabetical. But William J Bear was added to the end of the first column on the memorial and therefore comes between Walter James and Edmund Lewis, and  John Morgan was added at the end. Research into the identity of those on the memorial has yet to be done.
Click on the poppy (where available) for more information on an individual.

Names on Memorial Additional Information
George Barkwell George Henry Borkwell
Bombardier 19903 Royal Field Artillery D Battery 87th Brigade
Died of wounds May 30 1918, aged 24
Grave XVI. A. 5. Terlincthun British cemetery, Wimille, Pas de Calais, France
Robert Barnes Robert Barnes
Private  2674  Welsh Guards 1st Battalion
Killed in action November 18 1916
Pier and Face 7.D., Thiepval Memorial, Somme, France 
Son of William and Sarah Barnes, 24 Central Street, Ystrad Mynach. Brother-in-law to casualty William Fellows
William J Bear William John Bear
Private 19103 Leicestershire Regiment 2nd Battalion
Died September 25 1915, aged 24 
Panel 42 to 44 Loos Memorial, Pas de Calais, France
Son of John F and Amelia Bear (1 Brynmynach Avenue, Ystrad Mynach)
Percy Brookman Percy George Brookman
Private  40130  Gloucestershire Regiment 12th (Service) (Bristol) Battalion
Killed in action August 31 1918
Panel 6, Vis-en-Artois Memorial, Pas de Calais, France
Harry Brown  
Henry Carroll  
Charles Collins Charles R Collins
Sergeant  13671  South Wales Borderers.
Died June 17 1916
Grave C.1, Ystrad Mynach (Holy Trinity) Churchyard.
Percy Cooper Percival Cooper
Private  77877  Royal Fusiliers 10th Battalion
Died September 6 1918, aged 22
Grave VI. F. 18. Bagneux British Cemetery, Gezaincourt, Somme, France
Son of Mrs S. Cooper (34 Ynysglyd Street, Ystrad Mynach)
William Dadge William Edward Dodge
Private  3030291  Canadian Infantry 54th Battalion
Died September 27 1918, aged 29
Grave II. C. 34. Quarry Wood Cemetery, Sains-Les-Manquion, Pas de Calais, France
Son of Henry Thomas and Sarah Ann Dadge (Belmount, Ystrad Mynach)
Arthur H Davies Arthur Horace Davies
Gunner  3244  Royal Field Artillery, "A" Battery, 211th Brigade
Killed in action March 27 1918, aged 24
Grave I.F.10, Humbercamps Communal Cemetery Extension, Pas de Calais, France
Son of Thomas and Alice J Davies of Ortinville, Michigan, USA. Born UK
Edward Davies  
Harman Davies Harman Davies
Corporal  5691  Army Pay Corps.
Died May 16 1919.
Grave C.17, Ystrad Mynach (Bethania) Calvanistic Methodist Chapelyard.
Edward T Davies Edward Thomas Davies
Second Lieutenant  Royal Garrison Artillery 140th Siege Battery
Died October 13 1918, age 29
Grave III. C. 9, Haynecourt British Cemetery, Nord, France
Son of David John and Jane Davis, of Maesycwmmer, Mon.
Reginald R Derrick Reginald R Derrick
Private 10383 Gloucestershire Regiment 7th Battalion
Died August 8 1915 aged 21
Panel 102 to 105 Helles Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey
Son of William and E. Derrick (of Bristol) and husband of Nellie May (later Hicks) (6 Pantycelyn Street, Ystrad Mynach)
William Divine  
William J Drew William James Drew
Acting Sergeant  T2SSR/02300  Royal Army Service Corps
Died January 1 1918
Grave 1333, Salonika (Lembet Road) Military Cemetery, Greece
Son of William and Mary Drew (Devon) and husband of Clara (5 Alexandra Road, Hengoed)
Lewis B Edwards Lewis Brinley Edwards
Sapper 1414  Australian Tunnelling Corps 3rd Coy
Died November 27 1916, aged 31
Grave I. C. 10. Hersin Communal Cemetery Extension, France
Son of Richard and Sarah Edwards (Ivy Cottage, Hengoed) 
John Evans  
Evan Evans possibly not on CWGC see 
William Fellowes William Fellows
Lance Corporal  6516  Somerset Light Infantry 8th Battalion
Died April 23 1917, aged 37.
Bay 4 Arras Memorial, Pas de Calais, France
Husband of Sarah C. (née Barnes, later Dugdale) (24 Central Street, Ystrad Mynach), and brother-in-law to casualty Robert Barnes.
Charles J Foley  
Michael Foynes Private 11723 Welsh Regiment 8th Battalion
Killed in action August 8 1915
Panel 140 to 144 Helles Memorial, Gallipoli Peninsular, Turkey
Son of Patrick Foynes (Co. Galway)
Leonard W Gowers Leonard Walter Gowers
Private  533  Middlesex Regiment C Coy 11th Battalion
Died February 13 1916 aged 21
Grave II. M. 12. Vermelles British Cemetery
Son of Mr and Mrs R. Gowers (9 Pantycelyn Street, Ystrad Mynach)
Albert Greenaway Albert James Greenaway
Gunner 4701 Royal Field Artillery D Bty 252nd Bde
Died September 17 1916 aged 25
Grave I. F. 44 Flatiron Copse Cemetery, Mametz, Somme, France
Son of Thomas and Charlotte Greenaway (3 Station Road, Ystrad Mynach)
Ernest C R Ham Ernest Charles Russell Ham
Lance Corporal  58476  Royal Engineers, 61st Field Company
Died March 21 1918
Memorial Panel 10 to 13, Pozieres Memorial, Somme, France
S Harnden  
Richard H Harvey Richard Henry Harvey
Private  19883  South Wales Borderers 4th Battalion
Died April 22 1916, aged 30
Panel 16 and 62 Basra Memorial, Iraq
Son of Charles Harvey and husband of Alice (27 Pengam Road, Ystrad Mynach)
Arthur E Hinton Arthur Edward Hinton
Private Grenadier Guards 1st Battalion
Died November 7 1918, aged 38
Grave III. G. 8, Awoingt British Cemetery, Nord, France.
Husband of Ada Mary Hinton, of 515, Fishponds Rd., Bristol
Benjamin Holder Benjamin Holder
Driver  T3/024421  Royal Army Service Corps
Died November 6 1916
Grave II. B. 10, Sailly-au-Bois Military Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France
Fred Hole Frederick Hole

Private  24118  Welsh Regiment 17th Battalion
Killed in action September 5 1917
Grave XII. A. 11. Gouzeaucourt New British Cemetery, Nord, France
Gilbert W Howard Gilbert William Howard
Gunner W/4952 Royal Field Artillery A Battery 121st Brigade
Died October 27 1918 ,aged 21
Grave B. 273 Ystrad Mynach (Holy Trinity) Churchyard.
Son of William Howard and Emma (later Davis)
Joseph A Humphreys Joseph Ashton Humphreys
Private  13543  South Wales Borderers  2nd Battalion
Killed in action July 1 1916
Grave C. 19. Y Ravine Cemetery, Beaumont-Hamel, Somme, France
Walter James  
Francis Jones  
James Jones James Jones
Private  926  Welsh Regiment 1st Battalion
Died May 26 1916, aged 23
Grave 135 Salonika (Lembet Road) Military Cemetery, Greece
Son of William and Rosena Jones (16 Alexandra Road, Hengoed)  
John Jones John Jones
Sapper  158132 Royal Engineers 258th Tunnelling Coy.
Died December  6 1916, aged 32 
Grave VIII. C. 202 Boulogne Eastern Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France
Son of Samuel Jones (20 Ynysglyd Street, Ystrad Mynach) and husband of Ada (3 Railway Terrace, Caerphilly).
P Vivian Jones Philip Vivian Jones
Private  1379  Australian Infantry, A.I.F. 3rd Battalion
Died May 15 1915, aged 37
Grave C. 12.  4th Battalion Parade Ground Cemetery, Gallipoli Peninsular, Turkey
Son of James P. and M. A. Jones (Hengoed) 
E Edmund Lewis Ewart Edmund Lewis
Sergeant  91747  Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery C Battery 177th Brigade
Died of wounds March 21 1918 
Commemorated Panel 7 to 10 Pozieres Memorial, Somme, France
Military Medal (for bravery in the Field)
Archibald T T Lindsay Archibald Thurston Thomas Lindsay
Lieutenant  Royal Engineers 7th Army Troops Coy, Royal Monmouthshire
Died March 26 1918, aged 20
Grave I. J. 36. Foncquevillers Military Cemetery, France
Son of Col. H.E.M. Lindsay, C.B., R.E., and Mrs Lindsay (Ystrad Fawr, Ystrad Mynach and Glasnevin, Co. Dublin) 
Claud F T Lindsay Claud Frederic Thomas Lindsay
Major  Royal Field Artillery 33rd Battery
Died March 31 1908, aged 26
Grave near middle of Hailles Communal Cemetery, France
Son of Col. H.E.M. Lindsay, C.B., R.E., and Mrs Lindsay (Ystrad Fawr, Ystrad Mynach and Glasnevin, Co. Dublin) Husband of Dorothy Lindsay.
George W T Lindsay George Walter Thomas Lindsay
Captain Royal Field Artillery, attached to Royal Flying Corps
Died June 26 1917, aged 26
Buried in family vault Ystrad Mynach (Holy Trinity) Churchyard
Son of Col. H.E.M. Lindsay, C.B., R.E., and Mrs Lindsay (Ystrad Fawr, Ystrad Mynach and Glasnevin, Co. Dublin).
Tom D Lloyd  
Berry O Lockyer Berry Oliver Lockyer 
Private  17417  Somerset Light Infantry 6th Battalion
Killed in action August 18 1916
Pier and Face 2 A Thiepval Memorial, Somme, France
Son of Henry and Edith Lockyer (Aller, Langport, Somerset)
John McMurtrie Captain (Acting Major) Corps of Royal Engineers.
Killed in action July 26 1917, aged 32
Grave III. F. 3. Bard Cottage Cemetery.
Son of James and Margaret Cowper McMurtrie (Radstock, Bath)
Joseph S Meredith Joseph Sidney Meredith
Private  49296  Royal Army Medical Corps
Died July 26 1916
Grave VI. G. 4. Basra War Cemetery, Iraq
Son of Mr and Mrs J. S. Meredith (2 Guildford Street, Hereford) and husband of M. W. Meredith (later Matthews) (23 Berthllanlwyd, Cascade, Pengam)  
John Morgan John Morgan
Gunner  54343  Royal Garrison Artillery 36th Siege Battery.
Died of wounds May 3 1917
Grave H. 10. Athies Communal Cemetery Extension
Son of Mrs Morgan (19 Central Street, Ystrad Mynach)
Lewis R Morris Probably Levi Richards Morris
46102   Welsh Regiment 17th Battalion
Died of wounds June 13 1918, aged 33
Grave in east part Maesycwmmer (Tabor) Congregational Chapelyard
Husband of Jessie Rosanna Griffiths (formerly Morris), of 36, Newbridge Rd., Pontllanfraith
Wyndham Morris  
Frederick J Norris Frederick James Norris
Private  28490  Loyal North Lancashire Regiment 2/4th Battalion
Died of wounds October 29 1917, aged 20
Grave XII. A. 4. Dozinghem Military Cemetery, Belgium
Son of James and Ada L. Norris (30 Raglan Road, Hengoed)  
Percy W Norris Percy Walter Norris
Second Lieutenant  Machine Gun Corps (Infantry) 34th Battalion
Died July 29 1918 aged 30. Reported in Merthyr Express August 17 1918 that he had been killed in action.
Grave IIIA. A. 6. Raperie British Cemetery, Villemontoire, France
Husband of Kate May Norris (Danygraig, Ystrad Mynach)
Fred G Osborne Frederick George Osborne
Private  2837  Welsh Regiment 1st/5th Battalion
Died August 17 1915
Panel 140 to 144 Helles Memorial, Gallipoli Peninsular, Turkey
Son of Mrs Louisa Osborne (28 Commercial Street, Ystrad Mynach)
Leonard Perrins Leonard Perrin
Private  35009  King's Shropshire Light Infantry 1st Battalion
Killed in action September 18 1918
Grave B. 50, Trefcon British Cemetery, Caulaincourt, Aisne, France
Husband of Mrs E. L. Perrin (28 Over Ross St., Ross, Herefordshire)
James V Porter James Vickery Porter
Private  35131  Welsh Regiment 17th Battalion
Killed in action November 25 1917 
Panel 7, Cambrai Memorial, Louverval, France
Archibald Powell Archibald James Powell
Private   30366   Welsh Regiment 14th Battalion
Killed in action July 10 1916
Commemorated Pier and Face 7A and 10A Thiepval Memorial, Somme, France
Husband of Grace Beatrice (later Miles) (35 Trosnant Crescent, Penybryn, Gelligaer)
Charles Price  
Percy Quinn Also known as Patrick Quinn
Private  1/11820  South Wales Borderers 2nd Battalion
Awarded Military Medal
Died July 1 1916, aged 23
Grave B. 73. Hawthorn Ridge Cemetery No. 2, Auchonvillers, France
Born in Dublin and became adopted son of Mr E. C. Whitcombe (17 Alexandra Raod, Hengoed)
Gwilym L Rees Gwilym Idrris Rees
Private  12422  Royal Welsh Fusiliers 8th Battalion
Died September 29 1915, aged 18
Grave II. E. 6. Hill 10 Cemetery, Gallipoli Peninsular, Turkey
Son of Gwilym and Martha Rees (5 Davies Street, Ystrad Mynach)
George Richards George Richards
18909 Welsh Regiment 13th Battallion
Killed in Action July 10 1916
Commemorated Pier and Face 7 A and 10 A., Thiepval Memorial, Somme, France
William J Richards William John Richards
92589  Royal Field Artilllery 4th Brigade Ammunition Column
Died May 31 1918
Grave C, XVIII. 3, Pieta Military Cemetery, Malta
Austin Roberts Austin Roberts
Gunner  103605  Royal Garrison Artillery, "R" Anti-Aircraft Battery.
Died August 29 1919.
Grave IV. C. 18, Cologne Southern Cemetery, Germany.
Alexander L Russell Alexander Lawrie Russell
Private  DM2/190081  Royal Army Service Corps 338th M.T.Company.
Died December 19 1918, aged 33
Grave F. 4. Chela Kula Military Cemetery, Nis, Serbia
Son of Thomas and Christina Russell. Husband of Amy Ann Russell (Cartref, Penallta Road, Ystrad Mynach) 
Harry Smith  
William R Smith William Rees Smith
Driver  108792   Royal Field Artillery 85th Battery 11th Brigade
Killed in action September 23 1918, aged 23
Grave 22 Beveren-Ijzer Churchyard, Belgium
Son of John and Sarah Ann Smith (19 Hengoed Crsecent, Hengoed).
Bert Stevens Bertram Stevens
Gunner 815375 Royal Field Artillery “B” Batterry 298th Brigade
Died March 25 1918
Commemorated Bay 1, Arras Memorial, Pas de Calais, France
Syd Thomas Sydney Thomas
Private  34089  Welsh Regiment 9th Battalion
Died October 27 1916, aged 36
Pier and Face 7A and 10A Thiepval Memorial, Somme, France
Son of Mr and Mrs Thomas (Ferndale, Rhondda Fach) and husband of Hannah Thomas (12 Penybryn, Penalta Road, Ystrad Mynach)
George T Walker Private  14152   King's Shropshire Light Infantry 1st Battalion
Died September 19 1918, aged 27
Grave I. F. 1. Brie British Cemetery, France
Son of Charles Walker (32 Hengoed Avenue, Garden Village, Hengoed) 
Thomas Walker Thomas Walker
Gunner  3151  Royal Field Artillery 11th Battery 1st Brigade
Died October 3 1916, aged 39
Grave I. A. 9. Lahana Military Cemetery, Greece
Husband of Mary Walker (18 Commercial Street, Ystrad Mynach)
George J Warren  
Amy L Whitcombe Amy Laura Whitcombe
Worker 36023 Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps S. C. Convalescent Hospital, Plymouth
Died November 3 1918, aged 24
Grave Church L.A. 5. 28. Plymouth (Ford Park) Cemetery.
Daughter of Edward Charles and Emma Whitcombe (17 Alexandra Road, Hengoed)
David Williams  
George Williams  
Holland Williams Holland Williams
Sergeant  19837  Royal Field Artillery, "B" Battery. 87th Brigade.
Died March 6 1917
Commemorated Bay 1, Arras Memorial, Pas de Calais, France.
Ernie Willis William Ernest Willis
Private 81028 King's (Liverpool Regiment) 2nd Garrison Battalion
Killed in action February 27 1917
Grave 907 Salonika (Lembet Road) Military Cemetery, Greece
Robert Wood Robert Wood

Private 14555 Welsh Regiment 19th Battalion
Died of wounds February 27 1917 aged 19.
Grave II. B. 2. Mendinghem Military Cemetery
Son of Robin and Mary Hannah Wood (Malvern) 
Syd Wyatt Sydney Needes Wyatt
Private 33109 Welsh Regiment 1st Battalion
Died October 2 1915 aged 34
Panel 77 and 78 Loos Memorial
Son of Edwin Durban and Elizabeth Wyatt and husband of Susannah Elizabeth Wyatt (3 Cefn Road, Hengoed)

Goerge Henry Borkwell

Gorege Henry Borkwell, is the spelling from army records. The Register of Soldiers Effects has his mother as being Mrs Mary A Horrell. In 1911 the family lived in Pantycelyn St., Ystrad Mynach and all the children were given the surname Horrell including 15 year old George. In 1901 the Horroll (sic) family lived in Cray, Breconshire with the elder children Florence (11), Fanny (9) and George Henry (6) having the surname Bawkwell. In army records George Henry gives his birth place as Liverpool but he appears to have been born across the Mersey in Cheshire. It is likely the marriage of Mary Ann is that of Mary Ann Edworthy and John Horroll at Rhyader in December quarter 1897 and that Mary Ann's previous marriage was that between Mary Ann Edworthy and George Balkwill at Sully on August 26 1885. Further research may reveal more.
  George had first landed in France in July 17 1915. He died May 30 1918.

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Robert Barnes

Ystrad BarnesR bwRobert Barnes, born about 1889 Cadoxton, Barry, was son of William and Sarah/Fortune Barnes. His father was a quarryman and the family evidently moved around as other children were born in Ely, Caerphilly and Abertridwr. In 1901 they lived in Bedwas and in 1911 in Caerphilly before moving to 24 Central Street, Ystrad Mynach.
 He joined the 1st Battalion Welsh Guards not long after it was formed in 1915 but did not arrive in France until 1916. He was killed in action in Somme on the very day that General Douglas Haig announced the official end of the offensive, Saturday 18th November 1916.
 Photograph courtesy of his nephew Howard Barnes.

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William John Bear

William John Bear enlisted in Newport and served as Private 19103 in Leicestershire Regiment 2nd Battalion. Sources studied to date have not shed any light on his wartime experiences before he was killed in action 25 September 1915.
 When the 1911 census was taken, the family was in 55, Central Street, Ystrad Mynach, where his 51-year-old father, John, headed the household that included his wife and two children (19-year-old coal miner William John and a 17-year-old daughter) as well as a male unmarried boarder and a visiting family. In 1901, the Bear family lived in Portland Street, Newport, and, like a number of his neighbours, William John’s father was employed at a nearby flour mill. The family’s whereabouts at the time of the 1891 census are uncertain, but, in 1881, John was a seaman and a patient in District Dreadnought Seaman’s Hospital, Greenwich. His fellow patients were a cosmopolitan group -- some born in UK, but others in Russia, Holland, Portugal, France and Sweden, and his birthplace was GERMANY.
 Born in Newport about 1891, William John Bear, son of German-born John Bear (Johann Friedrich Baer) and his wife, Emma Amelia Harris, was brought up in or near the community in which his mother had been brought up. The family probably moved to Ystrad Mynach after Penallta Colliery opened. His parents were both alive when William John was killed in a war against his father’s homeland, a war in which he may have faced some close blood relatives, a war in which some of those blood relatives may have died. His mother died before the conflict ended and his father was later living at 1, Brynmynach Avenue.
          From Gelligaer Journal Volume 25 (2018) page 253

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Percy George Brookman

Percy Geoge Brookman was the son of Hugh and Lydia Brookman. He was born in April 1896 in Acton Turville, Gloucestershire where the family lived in 1901. In 1911 the family had moved to Wiltshire. It is not known when Percy George moved to south Wales but in the March quarter of 1915 he married Blodwen May Randall who in 1911 lived in Commercial Road, Ystrad Mynach.

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Charles R Collins

Charles Collins was likely born about 1873 in Broadway, close to Worcestershire’s border with Gloucestershire, and that his parents were farm labourer, Thomas Collins, and his wife, Susannah. He was listed in the family home in the 1881 and 1891 census returns: at the time of the former he was a schoolboy and the latter, an agricultural labourer. It is not known where Charles was when the 1901 census was taken. In 1903, he married Elizabeth from the nearby Gloucestershire village of Chipping Campden. In 1911 he was a colliery hostler below ground living at 61, School Street, Llanbradach, with his wife and four children. The children’s birthplaces in their parents’ native counties suggest the family moved to south Wales after the birth of the youngest child in 1907.
 The records relating to Sergeant Charles Collins’s war service are sparse. It is not clear when and where he enlisted but the fact that he was a sergeant might indicate previous military experience. He was discharged from the army January 19 1916 and died six Months later on June 17 1916, aged 42. His grave, plot C. 1 in Holy Trinity churchyard, was marked with a cross inscribed AWAITING THE GREAT REVEILLE, words chosen by his widow, then living in 11, Bedwlwyn Street, Ystrad Mynach.

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William Edward Dodge

YstradMynach DodgeWE WM 19181107William Edward Dodge was the son of Henry and Sarah who in the 1901 census were recorded under the name Dage living in Ystrad Mynach. William was recorded as a 12 year old schoolboy. Strangely when he joined the Canadian army August 30 1917 he gave his date of birth as March 18 1896. At the time he had been working as a meter reader in Iowa, USA.
  He probably arrived in Europe at the beginning of 1918. He died September 27.
       right Western Mail November 7 1918
 below Merthyr Express October 10 1918
(see also Canadian Virtual War Memorial http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/remembrance/memorials/canadian-virtual-war-memorial/detail/596094 )

Ystrad DodgeWE ME19181026 bw

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Arthur Horace Davies

Arthur Horace Davies,Ystrad DaviesAH born New Tredegar about 1896, was son of Thomas and Alice Davies. In 1901 the family lived in Cwmsyfiog but by 1911 had moved to Hengoed where they lived in Brynavon Tce.
 There is little information of Arthur’s war experience. He was killed in action in France 27 March 1918.
 In May 1921 his family emigrated to Ortonville, Oakland, Michigan, U.S.A.

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Edward T Davies

Ystrad-DaviesET-MG251018Monmouth Guardian and Bargoed and Caerphilly Observer 
25 October 1918

E T Davies is also commemarated on the WW1 Plaque of Lewis School Pengam

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Lewis Brinley Edwards

Lewis Brinley Edwards, son of colliery owner, Richard Edwards, was born in Hengoed in 1886. He became a colliery clerk before emigrating to the coal mining area of Kembla, near Wollongong in Australia. When he first tried to enlist in the Australian army he was rejected on account of a hammer toe, but when, on January 8 1916, he tried again, he was accepted into the 1st Rifles, embarking on board HMAT ship Ulysses on February 20. He disembarked at Marseilles on May 5 and transferred to the 3rd Australian Tunnelling Company (ATC). The Australian Mining Corps was formed for use at Gallipoli, but instead it was moved to France in May 1916 and split into three tunnelling companies and a Mechanical and Electrical Company.
On November 26, 3rd ATC's night shift descended into the galleries of the Black Watch mine system to kill Germans. Listeners had detected noises of enemy tunnelling approaching the working face of the Black Watch sap and a decision was taken to immediately place a large camouflet and detonate it. A few hours later, at 12.40 a.m. on November 27, the ground above the Black Watch mine shuddered and a deep boom reverberated into the night sky. The German miners had detonated two camouflets near where the Australian sappers were placing their charge. The noises that the Australian listeners had heard earlier were not those of Germans tunnelling, but the sounds of the Germans putting the finishing touches to their own mines. The Germans fired their mines together and the combined shock had set off the Australian charge whilst the men were in the process of completing it. Two Australian NCOs and eighteen sappers, Lewis amongst them, were killed instantly, and a further eight sappers and an officer were also gassed during the immediate aftermath and rescue effort. Thus, the German mines had caused twenty-nine casualties, most of them fatalities, the greatest loss for any Australian Tunnelling Company to suffer in a single day in the whole of the war. At 8.00 a.m. the following day, the Germans blew a second mine killing another two men from 3rd ATCYstrad EdwardsLB grave.
Although the bodies of many of the men were never recovered, that of Lewis Edwards was, and his father, Richard, was sent the photograph, shown on right, of his son’s grave, I C 10, in Herrsin Communal Cemetery Extension, near Noeux-les-Mines.
 He is also commemorated on Rhestr Anrhydedd (Roll of Honour) of Hengoed Baptist Church.

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Evan Evans

The identity of Evan Evans is uncertain, but he may have been Private 58133, Royal Welsh Fusiliers (formerly 078512 R.A.S.C.).

He lived at 15 Hill Street, Ystrad Mynach, but having married Margaret Edwards on August 19 1913, they moved to 73 Gelligaer Road, Hengoed and they had two children (Evan David Evans and Hilda May Evans).

He suffered a gunshot wound to his thigh September 15 1918 and then had amputation during service and was discharged after leaving hospital.

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William Fellows

William Fellows, born in Batheaston, near Bath, about 1884, was the son of Henry Fellows. His mother appears to have died not long after his birth. In 1891 the family, father Henry widower, a mason, and sons Henry, Ralph and William aged 10, 7 and 6 respectively lived in Batheaston. It is not known where William was in 1901 or 1911. In June quarter 1913 a William Fellows married Sarah C Barnes in the Pontypridd registration district and they appear to have had three children Gertrude A in Jun quarter 1913, Ralph in Jun quarter 1914 and Albert in March quarter 1917, all registered in the Merthyr Tydfil registration district which suggest that they lived locally. However Soldiers Died in the Great War, 1914-1919 as indexed by Ancestry.co.uk gives his residence as Larkhall, Somerset and he enlisted in Bath.
 William Fellows entered the theatre of war on 21 August 1914, which suggest that he had previous military experience. He was killed in action 23 April 1917 and having no known burial place is commemorated on Bay 4 of the Arras Memorial, Pas de Calais, France.
Ystrad FellowsW


Albert James Greenaway

Albert James GreenawayYstrad Greenway SWE, was born in Blackwood in March quarter 1892, son of Thomas and Charlotte. Soon after his birth the family moved to Llanbradach where they were recorded in the 1901 Census. In 1911 the family lived in Cwmfelin by which time Albert was a coal miner. They later moved to Station Road, Ystrad Mynach.
 It is not known when Albert enlisted but he landed in France 22 August 1915. He was killed in action in the Somme 17 September 1918.

Photo from South Wales Echo

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Ernest Charles Russell Ham

Ystrad HamECRPhoto courtesy of Avril Briggs, niece.


Arthur Edward Hinton

Arthur Edward Hinton was born December quarter 1892 in Stapleton, near Bristol. Further research may reveal who his parents were. In the 1891 census he may have been the Arthur Hinton aged 11, born Bristol, with widowed mother Emily aged 27, who was servant housekeeper to a family living in Hackney, London. In 1901 he was recorded as a 19 year old Grenadier Guard at Victoria Barracks, Windsor. He married Ada Mary Moon in Bristol in June quarter 1908 and in 1911 lived with his wife and son Charles in Commercial St., Ystrad Mynach, working as a colliery labourer underground.
 He rejoined the Grenadier Guards early in the war and enter the war zone 12 November 1914. He almost survived the whole war but died of wounds at 45 CC Station, France, 7 November 1918 less than a week before the Armistice.

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Benjamin Holder

Benjamin Holder was born Great Malvern about 1882. His marriage to Alice Maud Edwards was recorded at the Merthyr Tydfil registration district in June quarter 1906. In the 1911 Census he lived in Charles Street, Treherbert, with his wife and three children. Three subsequent births were registered: Annie G September quarter 1991 and Floence M September quarter 1912 both in Pontypridd registration distict, probably at Treherbert, and Benjamin in March quarter 1915 in Merthyr Tydfil registration district - probably in Gelligaer parish which is recorded as his residence in Soldiers Died in the Great War, 1914-1919.
 He enlisted in Bargoed some time after the end of 1915 and was killed in action 6 November 1916.

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Frederick Hole

Frederick Hole, was born in Westbury, near Wells about 1887, to Edward and Harriet Hole. It is not known when he came to south Wales, but in 1911 he was lodging at McDonnell Terrace, Bargoed and Soldiers Died in Great War 1914-19 gives his residence as Ystrad Mynach.
Frederick enlisted in Cardiff in the Welsh Regiment and arrived in France 2 December 1915. He was killed in action 5 September 1917.


Gilbert William Howard

Gilbert William Howard, born in Kingswood, Bristol, 14 July 1897, was son of William Howard (1855-1907) and his second wife Emma Baber (born 1869). When the 1901 census was taken, the family was in the Bristol area and his father was a coal miner. It is not clear whether the family moved to Ystrad Mynach before father William died in 1907, but young Gilbert William and his mother (by then married to coal miner Albert Davis) lived at The Square, Ystrad Mynach, at the time of the 1911 census.
 Gilbert enlisted for war service in Caerphilly but sources studied to date shed little light on his service as Gunner W/4952 in Royal Field Artillery A Battery 121st Brigade. His death, on 27 October 1918 at the age of 23, was registered in Lincoln registration district in December quarter 1918. Unlike some other young men who were buried in the area where they died (at home or overseas), his body was returned to Ystrad Mynach for burial in plot B. 273 Holy Trinity Churchyard, presumably due to the efforts of his mother, then of Caravan, Pwll-y-pant Farm, Caerphilly.


Joseph Ashton Humphreys

Joseph Ashton Humphreys was born Rhymney in the October quarter 1893. In the 1901 census he was recorded as the adopted son of John and Mary A Ashton of Rhymney. In 1911 he and his elder brother John, both coal miners, lived with their uncle and aunt William Rowland and Martha Jane Nicholas in Rhymney.
 Joseph enlisted in Newport and landed in France 23 August 1915. He survived for just under a year being killed in action in Somme 1 July 1916.
 It is not known when he moved to Hengoed but as well as being commemorated on the Ystrad Mynach and Hengoed War Menorial he is also commemorated on Rhestr Anrhydedd (Roll of Honour) Hengoed Baptist Church.
  Joseph Ashton Humphreys
  S.W.B.   Killed in action in FRANCE   July 1st 1916


John Jones

John Jones was born in Nantyglo in 1886 but was brought up in Ystrad Mynach where, like his father and younger brother he became a coal miner at Penallta Colliery. His military service records do not survive, but other sources show that Jones enlisted in the Royal Engineers and became Sapper 158132. He landed in France sometime after December 1915 to join 258 Tunnelling Company. It is possible that he joined 258 Company when it was formed at Rouen in April 1916. On formation it moved to support other tunnelling companies already deployed to the Loos area. On December 6 1916, John Jones was wounded, most probably by German shelling, and his death at base hospital in Boulogne was reported in Merthyr's Pioneer January 6 1917. Buried in grave VII C 202 in Boulogne Eastern Cemetery, John Jones is commemorated on Ystrad Mynach and Hengoed War Memorial.
Ystrad-Jones-Pioneer-060117                              Pioneer 6 January 1917.
see also Gelligaer Journal Volume 23 (2016) pp 8-20 Gelligaer Tunnellers by Peter Walker

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Philip Vivian Jones

Ystrad JonesPV MG19150820Monmouth Guardian and Bargoed and Caerphilly Observer
August 20 1915

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Ewart Edmund Lewis

Ewart Edmund Lewis, born June quarter 1891 in Cardiff, was son of John and Frances Lewis, both originally from Pembrokeshire. He was familiarly known as Ted. His father John died in the early 1890s and his mother returned to Marloes, Pembrokeshire where, in 1895, she married William Ernest Hier. In 1901 Ewart was in Marloes with his mother, sister, stepfather and stepsiblings. His mother died in 1910 and was buried in Marloes. In 1911 Ewart was a coal miner living as a lodger at 16 Commercial St., Ystrad Mynach
 It is not known when he enlisted in the Royal Field Artillery but he saw service in Gallipoli and France, and rose to become a Sergeant.  Ystrad LewisEE HMHT 19181205He was mentioned in Supplement to The London Gazette on two occasions (14 December 1917 and 28 January 1918). In the former he was listed among those in Sir Douglas Haig's Despatch of 7 November, names deserving special mention, while the latter recorded his award of Military Medal, a military decoration awarded to personnel of British Army for bravery on land. He died of wounds 21 March 1918
 He had married Bethia Thomas in Pontypridd registration district in December quarter 1917 not many months before his death. As well as his name being on the Ystrad Mynach and Hengoed War Memorial, it is also on the Marloes and St Bride's War Memorial (as Ted Lewis) and on his mother's gravestone in Marloes.
 See Gelligaer Journal Volume 25 (2018) pages 34-35

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Archibald Thurston Thomas Lindsay

On July 24 1889, Henry Edzell Morgan Lindsay (1857-1935) married Katherine Ellen Thomas (1886-1937), the latter being one of the heirs to the Llanbradach Estate which had been in the Thomas family since at least the early 16th century. They had four sons and two daughter. Three of their sons died in the Great War. All three are named on the Ystrad Mynach and Hengoed Memorial and also on a memorial on the wall of Church of St. John The Divine, Cwmbach Llechryd, Radnorshire, a church built at the expense Miss Clara Thomas of Pencerrig on land that had come to the Thomas family through marriage.
  Archibald Thurston Thomas Lindsay, their third son, born 17 June 1897, received his commission on 29 October 1914 and embarked for France in October 1915. Apart from a short interval when he returned to UK to join a newly-formed company, he served on Western Front until he was killed defending Hebuterne. Lieutenant Lindsay was only 20 years old when he fell on 28 March 1918. His grave is in Foncquevillers Military Cemetery, Pas de Calais.

see Gelligaer Journal Volume 25 (2018) pages 77-82

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Claud Frederic Thomas Lindsay

On 24 July 1889, Henry Edzell Morgan Lindsay (1857-1935) married Katherine Ellen Thomas (1886-1937), the latter being one of the heirs to the Llanbradach Estate which had been in the Thomas family since at least the early 16th century. They had four sons and two daughter. Three of their sons died in the Great War. All three are named on the Ystrad Mynach and Hengoed Memorial and also on a memorial on the wall of Church of St. John The Divine, Cwmbach Llechryd, Radnorshire, a church built at the expense Miss Clara Thomas of Pencerrig on land that had come to the Thomas family through marriage.
  Claud Frederic Thomas Lindsay, born 20 January 1892, was their second son. Passing out of Army College at Woolwich, he entered Royal Artillery in 1912. At the outbreak of war, he, like his brother George, went to France in the original Expeditionary Force, and, with the exception of a few short leaves, he was continuously on war duty in France. His battery was mentioned in despatches by French in the first winter of the war, and later by Haig. He rose through the ranks rapidly, and, at the time of his death, he was Major in command of a R.F.A. battery.  Aged 26, he fell in action, fighting in 33rd Battery, Royal Field Artillery, on Easter Day, 31 March 1918, and his grave, near the middle of Hailles Communal Cemetery, Somme, is marked with a cross inscribed 2ND BELOVED SON OF COL. AND MRS H. E. M. LINDSAY ENDURE FORTE.
 On 10 June 1915, during a brief home leave, he had married Dorothy Lindsay Forde of Waterford, Ireland, at Holy Trinity Church, Ystrad Mynach. After the marriage, the couple left Ystrad Mynach by motor car for a short honeymoon in his maternal grandmother’s house in Southerndown. His young widow gave birth to his son, George Morgan Thomas Lindsay, on 16 November 1918.

see Gelligaer Journal Volume 25 (2018) pages 77-82

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George Walter Thomas Lindsay

On 24 July 1889, Henry Edzell Morgan Lindsay (1857-1935) married Katherine Ellen Thomas (1886-1937), the latter being one of the heirs to the Llanbradach Estate which had been in the Thomas family since at least the early 16th century. They had four sons and two daughter. Three of their sons died in the Great War. All three are named on the Ystrad Mynach and Hengoed Memorial and also on a memorial on the wall of Church of St. John The Divine, Cwmbach Llechryd, Radnorshire, a church built at the expense Miss Clara Thomas of Pencerrig on land that had come to the Thomas family through marriage.
  George Walter Thomas Lindsay, born in 1891, was their eldest son. He served from the start of the war. He was Lieutenant when, wounded by snipers near Ypres, he was hospitalised in St. Thomas’s, London, but later returned to service.
 He died when as Captain of Royal Field Artillery and attached to Royal Flying Corps (R.F.C.), he was killed in a flying accident, as was his First Air mechanic, when their aeroplane fell from a considerable height into a field near Bristol. A report on the inquest in Gloucestershire Chronicle included this evidence from Lieutenant Kerridge of R.F.C.:
    on Tuesday evening, about 5 o’clock, he [Kerridge] saw the deceased officer in the air. He was flying level in an easterly direction, and was between 2,000 and 2,500 feet up. Deceased seemed suddenly, however, to put a steep bank to the left on the machine, and started a rather steep spiral. After about the first turn of the spiral, witness noticed that the tail plane was not in the same horizontal position as the main plane. Then the pilot seemed to try and get out of the spiral, and while doing so the tail plane appeared to rock up and down laterally, during which time deceased was flying more or less level having got out of the spiral. Then the tail plane turned, and the machine very soon got into a steep spiral, which developed into a spinning nose dive. By that time the pilot had lost all control. The machine fell a considerable distance, gradually turning upside down. It came out of the upside down position, and fell more or less vertically. About 200 or 300 feet before it reached the ground it again turned upside down, and struck the ground in that position.
  When asked what he thought caused the accident, the witness replied I think that either previous to when I saw him or just before the pilot started the spiral there had been some fracture of the longerons in front of the tail plane. Other military personnel confirmed there was no problem when flying the machine immediately prior to this incident nor when the frame of the machine had been tested independently of the engines the previous Sunday.   

see Gelligaer Journal Volume 25 (2018) pages 77-82

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John McMurtrie

Ystrad-McMurtrie-ME190822 John (Jack) McMurtrie, born 1885 in Radstock, Somerset, was son of James McMurtrie. After education in Bath he moved to south Wales and having served as under manager at Bargoed and manager at Abercwmboi, he was, at the time he enlisted manager of Penallta colliery near Ystrad Mynach.
 McMurtrie was given a commission in the 124th Field Company Royal Engineers, He landed in France December 1915, with the 38th (Welsh) Division. In Battle of Mametz Wood in July 1916, McMurtrie was left in command of the Engineers, and won the Military Cross for his work. Back in the front line at Ypres on October 6 1916, McMurtrie was wounded in the right arm and hospitalised. Promoted to Captain, he returned to the front February 16 1917, where he was given command of the 151st Field Company. During June and July, working under frequent bombardment from German artillery, they constructed bridges over the Yser Canal for use during the proposed battle on Passchendaele Ridge. On July 26 McMurtrie, (by then, acting Major) and an attached infantryman from 19th Welsh (Pioneers) were killed by German artillery.
He is remembered on the St. Nicholas Parish Church and town war memorials in Radstock, and on Ystrad Mynach and Hengoed War Memorial. This wall tablet (below) in Gelligaer Parish Church was unveiled in 1922 as reported by Merthyr Express August 19, 1922.
     Gelligaer 1914-18McMurtrie 

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Levi Richards Morris

Soldiers Died in the Great War, 1914-1919 as indexed on Ancestry.co.uk has Levi Richards Morris' place of residence recorded as Hengoed, Glamorgan. He was born in Rhymney in the March quarter of 1886 to Richard, from Narbeth, Pembokeshire, and Elizabeth A Morris, from Rhymney, where the family were living in 1891. Sometime after 1895 they moved to Pontlottyn where the family, including Levi, were recorded in 1901 and 1911. In the June quarter of 1911 Levi R Morris married Jessie Lewis.
 Apart from the fact that he served in 17th Battalion Welsh Regiment no detail of Levi's Army service has yet been traced. He died of wounds at Queen Mary's Military Hospital, Whalley, Nr. Preston, 13 June 1918 and is buried in the east part of Maesycwmmer (Tabor) Congregational Chapelyard a short distance from Hengoed.


Leonard Perrin(s)

Leonard Perrins was born March quarter 1886 to Albert and Emily Perrin(s) in Woolhope, near Ledbury, Herefordshire. His mother evidently died when he was young and the family broke up. In 1891 Leonard, aged 5, and his brothers William, 17, and John, 15, lived in lodgings in Preston, Newent. In 1901 he lived with an uncle in Leominster, and at the time of the 1911 census he was a railway porter visiting a family in Ross. It is not known when he came to south Wales, but in June quarter 1915 he married Eva L Burford in the Merthyr Tydfil registration district, a daughter Lilian E was born September quarter 1917.
 Leonard Perrin enlisted in Hengoed sometime after 1915. Nothing is known of his army service except that he served in the 1st Battalion, King's Shropshire Light Infantry and was killed in action 18 September 1918.

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Gwilym Idris Rees

Gwilym Idris Rees, known as Idris Rees in army records or Idris Gwilym Rees by Commonweath War Graves Commission, was born in Pontlottyn in December quarter of 1896 to Gwilym and Martha Rees. The family, mother, father and ten children were still living in Pontlottyn in 1911, when 14 year old Gwilym Idris was a colliers boy underground.
 Soldiers Died in the Great War, 1914-1919 as indexed by Ancestry.co.uk records his place of residence as Hengoed, Glamorgan, although his enlistment place is recorded as Liverpool. Little else is known of his army service. He arrived in the Balkans theatre of war 28 August 1915 and died of wounds a month later 29 September on the Gallipoli Peninsular, Turkey.
 He is also commemorated on Rhestr Anrhydedd (Roll of Honour) of Hengoed Baptist Church.

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George Richards

Western Mail 4 Sept 1916 reported that "Richards 18909, G (Hengoed)" had been killed. Soldiers Died in Great War 1914-1919 records that George Richards (18909) was born in Treharris, resident in Pengam and had enlisted in Bargoed. The Register of Soldiers Effects gives his wife as Margaret Jane. It has been difficult to identify him but further research may reveal more.


William John Richards

William John Richards, born Rhymney 1895, was the son of Benjamin Richards and Mary Jane nee Morris. In 1901 the family, father Benjamin widower, coal miner, sons William aged 6 and Benjamin aged 4 lived with the family of the children’s maternal grand-parents. By 1911 his father had remarried and the family lived in Ty Newydd St., Pontlottyn.
It is not known when William enlisted, but when his Brigade sailed for the Mediterranean in July 1915 he was with them arriving in Egypt 21 July. The Brigade moved to Mudros, the forward base for operations at Gallipoli, arriving on 11 September 1915 but did not proceed into that theatre of war. It left Mudros on 5 October 1915 and arrived at Salonika 10 October (the ammunition column followed a little later). Soldiers Died in Great War records that he died in Salonika May 31 1918, but the Army Registers of Soldiers’ Effects says he died in Malta. He is buried in Pieta Military Cemetery, Malta. Possibly he died of wounds or fever. There is no direct evidence of his having lived in Ystrad Mynach/Hengoed but he is commemorated on the Roll of Honour of Hengoed Baptist Chuch  
William Richards   R.F.A.   Died at Malta   May 31st 1918.

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Austin Roberts

Austin Roberts, born late 1896 in Ruabon, Denbighshire, was son of Moses and Mary Ann Roberts. It is not known when the family moved to south Wales, but in 1911 they lived in Hengoed.
 Austin attested 11 December 1915 but was not mobilized until July 1916. At the time of his attestation he was a butcher, aged 19, living with his parents at 7 Brynavon Terrace, Hengoed. He joined the Royal Regiment of Artillery and initially served in UK. 2 July 1918 he arrived in France and continued serving in Europe up to his death in Germany 29 August 1919.
 He is also commemorated on Rhestr Anrhydedd (Roll of Honour) Hengoed Baptist Church.
  Austin Roberts
  R.G.A.   Died in GERMANY   August 29th 1919

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William Rees Smith

Ystrad SmithWE ME19181026William Rees Smith, born about 1895 in Pontlottyn, was son of John and Sarah Ann Smith of 19 Hengoed Crescent,  Hengoed. 
He enlisted at Bargoed in October 1915 to the Royal Field Artillery and joined 85th Battery, 11th Brigade as Driver 108792.
 Merthyr Express reported his death 26 October 1918. He had been killed in action 23rd September 1918, and is buried in Grave 22, at Beveren-Ijzer ChurchyardPontlottyn SmithWR Cemetery in Belgium alongside Gunner Downie, Driver Winfield and Driver Neate MM, of the same battery in graves 23, 24 and 25 respectively. Beveren-Ijzer Churchyard contains the graves of 20 Commonwealth servicemen of the First World War.
  He is commemorated on both Ystrad Mynach and Hengoed War Memorial and Pontlottyn War Memorial
  Image courtsey of Johan Moors, http://www.ypres-salient.com

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Bertram Thomas Stevens

Bertram Thomas Stevens, known as Bert (or Bertie), was the son of David John and Ada Mary Stevens. Bert and his older siblings (Godfrey and Edith) were baptised in Llantarnam where his father worked as a collier. The family moved to Aberdare before the 1901 census where another brother (Roy) was born in 1907. The family later moved to Ystrad Mynach.

Having enlisted at Port Talbot, Bert served on Western Front.

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Aberdare Leader 24 March 1914.


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YM-Wyatt Merthyr Pioneer 061115Merthyr Pioneer 6 November 1916.

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